PhD in Evolutionary Genetics (Montpellier II) : Resistance to insecticides (mosquito and fly models).
Post-doctoral training at the University of Zürich (Switzerland) : Sex-determination in D. melanogaster (differential migration of polar cells between sexes).
Assistant professor (1991-2004) : Institute of Resarch on Insect Biology (IRBI), University of Tours.
(Research themes : Homeogenes and development of parasitoid wasps ; Sex-determination of parasitoid wasps ; Interactions between hosts and endoparasitoids,
notably regarding immunity).
Full professor (since 2004) : Université de Nice Sophia Antipolis.
Research : Innate immunity of insects (Drosophila, Aphids) against parasitoids ; Symbiotic interactions in aphids and impact on immunity ; Functional analysis of endoparasitoid
wasps' venom, venomics, experimental evolution of virulence and venom.